What is ammonium nitrate?
Ammonium nitrate, sometimes referred to by the initials AN, is a chemical compound that's most often seen in the form of white granules. It can be easily made in a lab by reacting nitric acid with ammonia.
Why is it used to make bombs?
Ammonium nitrate readily combines with a variety of other substances, including diesel, aluminum and even molasses, to make so-called fertilizer bombs. It's also widely available in large quantities because of its commercial applications in agriculture, and is relatively cheap.
A 25-kilogram bag of ammonium nitrate sells for around $20, according to farm-supply stores in southern Ontario.
A powerful explosion can be triggered by less than a ton of AN.
On its own, ammonium nitrate is benign, but when mixed with certain hydrocarbons, such as fuel oil, it can become a powerful explosive.
Such a mixture of ammonium nitrate and fuel oil is commonly called ANFO, and is often used as an explosive in industrial applications like mining and construction. About a sixth of global AN production is used in industrial explosives.
Who has used it for bombs?
Anti-government extremist Timothy McVeigh used about 2,000 kilograms of ammonium nitrate, mixed with $3,000 worth of motor-racing fuel, to blow up a U.S. federal government building in Oklahoma City in 1995, killing 168 people.
How to make a fertilizer bomb
By Jolly Roger
- Fertilizer (the chemical kind, GREEN THUMB or ORCHO)
- Diesel fuel
1.) Make a pouch out of the newspaper and put some fertilizer in it.
2.) Then put cotton on top.
3.) Soak the cotton with fuel.
4.) Then light and run like you have never ran before! This blows up 500 square feet so don't do it in an alley!!