Dangers Hyped, Benefits Ignored

By Lanny Swerdlow, RN Culture Magazine

When I was a student nurse, I spent two weeks in a maternity ward where I was assigned to one expectant mother to care for. She was 37 and having her fifth child. During the pregnancy, she developed hyperemesis gravidarum, a nausea so severe that it can lead to electrolyte imbalances that can be life-threatening to the fetus. This mother chose to use cannabis to treat the hyperemesis. It worked very well without any of the side effects of other medications commonly used to treat it.

As it was standard operating procedure at the hospital I was interning at, she underwent a drug screen when she came to the hospital for delivery. Not surprisingly she tested positive for cannabis. As a consequence, she was investigated by Children’s Protective Services, a note was put in her chart of child endangerment and after her baby was born (weighing over seven pounds), she was not allowed to breastfeed and was separated from her baby who was placed in neonatal intensive care unit where the baby was fed formula.

Cannabis use during pregnancy to treat nausea, pain and depression is far safer to both mother and child than any of the medications that are given to women to treat those conditions during pregnancy.

Reefer madness and genuflecting to law enforcement drove health care professionals to claim that cannabis is a danger to both the fetus and the baby and that more research has to be done. Until then the horrors experienced by my patients, the 37-year-old mother and her baby, are par for the course.

Finally, the research has been done. Not only does it document that there is no harm from a mother’s use of cannabis, it also debunked the poor methodology of previous research papers which purported to show severe negative consequences to the child.

Read more-

Published in the October 2016 issue of the journal Obstetrics & Gynecology, the medical review utilized research findings from 31 previous studies that interviewed over 132,000 pregnant women.

Earlier studies concluded that cannabis use during pregnancy resulted in a greater likelihood of having a preterm birth or a baby with low birth weight.

The new research found that the babies of the 7,800 women who only used cannabis during pregnancy were no more likely to suffer preterm birth or low birth weight babies than the 124,000 women who reported no cannabis use.

The new research demonstrated that the previous studies were deficient as they did not consider tobacco smoking separate from cannabis smoking. Utilizing research protocols that separated those who only used cannabis from those who used cannabis and tobacco, the researchers found that the women who only used cannabis did not have an increase for preterm birth or a low birth weight baby.

Those who used both cannabis and tobacco suffered an 85 percent increased risk of having preterm birth or low birth weight babies. Cannabis only did not produce those results—it was the tobacco. It has been long known that tobacco use during pregnancy is detrimental to the fetus and the same is even truer for alcohol, yet no one seems to be demanding the prohibition of these substances in the name of fetal health.

Opioids used during pregnancy to treat pain can result in babies having spina bifida (neural defect), hydrocephaly (fluid in the brain), congenital heart defects and other deforming and life threatening problems. Anti-depressants, especially SSRIs like Paxil, Prozac and Zoloft, have been demonstrated to produce autism spectrum, developmental disorders and birth defects in babies.

Complicating the picture is that neonatal abstinence syndrome (NAS) occurs when a baby is exposed to a drug in the womb before birth and then goes through withdrawal from the drug after birth. NAS is most often the result of a pregnant woman taking opioids.

Rather than discouraging women from using cannabis during pregnancy, doctors should be encouraging women to use cannabis in place of the far more dangerous drugs they are given during pregnancy to treat pain, depression and insomnia. This outdated and anachronistic anti-cannabis policy continues to negatively impact the lives of millions of expectant mothers and their soon to be born children.

Read more: https://culturemagazine.com/dangers-hyped-benefits-ignored/          

Welcome to the Underground

Marijuana Guide

By Christopher R Rice

Marijuana prevents people from doing ‘hard’ drugs, claims study

By Olivia Petter

Cannabis might still be illegal in the UK, but new research has found that the leafy substance might not be the vilified "gateway drug" it’s widely thought to be.

In fact, in might be the key to discouraging users from progressing to "harder" drugs, such as cocaine and ecstasy, claim scientists at the University of New Mexico.

The five-year-long study involved 125 participants, all of whom were suffering from chronic pain.
83 were taking cannabis as a prescriptive pain mediator, whereas 42 chose to abstain.

They found that 34 per cent of the cannabis users stopped taking their medication, in comparison to just two per cent of the non-smokers, with 98 per cent continuing to take their prescribed drugs.

"Our current opioid epidemic is the leading preventable form of death in the US – killing more people than car accidents and gun violence," explained lead author and psychology professor Jacob Miguel Vigil.

"Therefore, the relative safety and efficacy of using cannabis in comparison to that of other scheduled medications should be taken by the health providers and legislators," he told Kobini.

He explained that painkillers and street heroin typically kill 90 people in the US every day; whereas some studies claim that cannabis consumption has never directly caused a fatality.  

Read more: http://news.unm.edu/news/study-finds-legal-cannabis-may-reduce-use-of-dangerous-prescription-drugs     

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Driving Stoned

From around the web/By Christopher R Rice

I’ve looked high and low, but I can’t find the disastrous consequences of marijuana use apparent anywhere other than the Drug Czar’s predictably propagandized press releases. Whenever the government claims that marijuana will cause you to crash your car, just look for the corpses. Where are they?

Washington state, has legalized recreational pot, and saw more than 1,300 drivers test positive for marijuana – that’s almost 25 percent more than in 2012. Of those, 720 had levels high enough to lead to an automatic drugged driving conviction, though Washington officials say there’s been no corresponding jump in car accidents.

Colorado State Patrol troopers are training each other in how to spot a marijuana-impaired drivers. The officers are trained to first rule out alcohol and medical conditions then focus on the drug impairment. “A lot of times you can’t smell the drugs, but the physical indicators as far as body temperature, as far as your heart rate, as far as your blood pressure; all of those are affected by each drug individually,” Trooper Darin Rodriguez told CBS4. At the end of the class there will be 212 drug recognition experts within various police agencies statewide.

Consequences of the governments lies/driving stoned hysteria can be seen everywhere. Police have conducted strip searches on the side of highways, forced anal exams looking for drugs that didn’t exist plus all the fines racked up from people who’s only crime was smoking a doobie.

If you get pulled over and you’ve smoked weed you will be cited for being under the influence while driving! NORML’s Paul Armentano has prepared a scientific review of over a dozen studies evaluating marijuana’s effect on psychomotor skills and the risks posed by marijuana intoxication behind the wheel. Armentano finds that marijuana impairment is generally “subtle and short-lived,” falling far short of the threats posed by drunk driving.

Related: (How to) Driving While Stoned (for Dummies)

Marijuana and Driving: A Review of the Scientific Evidence 

It is well established that alcohol increases accident risk. Evidence of marijuana’s culpability in on-road driving accidents is much less convincing.

Although cannabis intoxication has been shown to mildly impair psychomotor skills, this impairment does not appear to be severe or long lasting. In driving simulator tests, this impairment is typically manifested by subjects decreasing their driving speed and requiring greater time to respond to emergency situations.

Nevertheless, this impairment does not appear to play a significant role in on-road traffic accidents. A 2002 review of seven separate studies involving 7,934 drivers reported, “Crash culpability studies have failed to demonstrate that drivers with cannabinoids in the blood are significantly more likely than drug-free drivers to be culpable in road crashes.” This result is likely because subject under the influence of marijuana are aware of their impairment and compensate for it accordingly, such as by slowing down and by focusing their attention when they know a response will be required. This reaction is just the opposite of that exhibited by drivers under the influence of alcohol, who tend to drive in a more risky manner proportional to their intoxication.

Today, a large body of research exists exploring the impact of marijuana on psychomotor skills and actual driving performance. This research consists of driving simulator studies, on-road performance studies, crash culpability studies, and summary reviews of the existing evidence. To date, the result of this research is fairly consistent: Marijuana has a measurable yet relatively mild effect on psychomotor skills, yet it does not appear to play a significant role in vehicle crashes, particularly when compared to alcohol. Below is a summary of some of the existing data.

Why do you suppose that the writers at the AP and at ABC missed these facts to spew government and pharmaceutical propaganda. I've heard these same lies my whole life and it is more than apparent that the drug companies have enough money to get anybody to say anything regardless how ridiculous they sound.

Stoned driving is as bad as drunk driving. Drunk driving kills 28 people a day in America, according to Mothers Against Drunk Driving. Studies have not found similar results for driving while high, and it’s not even clear that marijuana even increases the number of traffic accidents.

Read more: http://norml.org/library/item/marijuana-and-driving-a-review-of-the-scientific-evidence          

U.S. Government Finally Admits Marijuana Really Does Kill Cancer Cells

The idea that cannabis kills cancer cells seems to no longer be a conspiracy theory in the United States. With this information, can any state legitimately say no to medicinal marijuana?

Or could it even be considered a preventative herb to avoid getting cancer?

Amy Willis with Metro says that the US government has added a page on the use of cannabis and cannabinoids to their official cancer advice website.

Willis advises, “The National Cancer Institute, part of the US Department of Health, now advises that ‘cannabinoids may be useful in treating the side effects of cancer and cancer treatment’ by smoking, eating it in baked products, drinking herbal teas or even spraying it under the tongue.”

The official government site has a long list of medicinal uses of cannabis, including:

Anti-inflammatory activity, pain relief, anti-anxiety, stress relief, anti-tumor, antiviral activity and relieving muscle spasms caused by multiple sclerosis, and many many more.

The site goes on to talk about how cannabis has been proven to destroy cancer cells in lab experiments.

Read more:

Study: Cannabis Compounds Can Kill Cancer Cells

Marijuana Kills Cancer Cells, Admits the U.S. National Cancer Institute


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(How to) Get High (for Dummies)

By Christopher R Rice

If you've never had marijuana before it is fairly simple. The easiest way to get high is with edibles, food cooked with marijuana inside. Warning for beginners about edibles, it takes very little for first time or newby users to get high on edibles. Edibles take up to 45 minutes to take effect so over consumption is very easy and consequently will lead to making you feel as if you are too high. But please do not call 911 or go to the ER, there is nothing that they can do for you and it will be recorded as a marijuana overdose. And there is no such thing as overdosing on marijuana and anyone telling you otherwise is full of it.

The pharmaceutical  industry makes up a lot of lies about marijuana because they are scared. They are scared of a plant that grows for free in all 50 states and is non addictive, non lethal, has no known side effects and is more effective than any drug the drug manufactures have. So they spread lies and rumors because as soon as you learn the truth they will be out of business. And consequently they will lose the billions of dollars that they reap off of sick people each year. Help me get the truth out. Spread the love. Sharing is caring.

To smoke marijuana you can roll a joint, a blunt or a spliff if you know how, If not pick up a pipe, they come in cheap to fancy. Or use a bong. Bongs or water pipes require a little water in the chamber, there is a carb that you must cover with a finer or thumb when / as you light the bowl, take a drag to fill the chamber with smoke, release finger or thumb from carb and continue to pull the smoke into your lungs. Take a deep breath and hold. Release slowly and repeat.

If you find that you are too high from eating edibles there's really nothing that you can do but relax and wait it out. Some people will have a panic attack but again all that you can do is relax and wait it out. If however you smoked too much and are felling way too high just eat something until you come down. No, that will not work for edibles but edibles will give you the worse munchies you will ever have.

With edibles expect the high to last a couple of hours. When you smoke marijuana expect the high to last five to thirty five minutes.             

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Medical Marijuana Could Cost Big Pharma

By CannabisNews

Once the federal government finally allows medical marijuana to become a legitimate part of the healthcare industry, Big Pharma could suffer the loss of billions of dollars, a new report finds.

It seems the pharmaceutical trade has more than enough reasons to fear the legalization of marijuana, as an analysis conducted by the folks at New Frontier Data predicts the legal use of cannabis products for ailments ranging from chronic pain to seizures could cost marketers of modern medicine somewhere around $4 billion per year.

The report was compiled using a study released last year from the University of Georgia showing a decrease in Medicare prescriptions in states where medical marijuana is legal. The study, which was first outlined by the Washington Post, was largely responsible for stirring up the debate over how a legitimate cannabis market might be able to reduce the national opioid problem. It found that medical marijuana, at least with respect to those drugs for which it is considered an alternative treatment, was already costing pill manufactures nearly $166 million annually.

Researchers at New Frontier identified nine key areas where medical marijuana will do the most damage to the pharmaceutical market — castrating drug sales for medicines designed to treat anxiety, chronic pain, epilepsy, post-traumatic stress disorder, sleep disorders, nerve pain, chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, Tourette syndrome and glaucoma.

By digging deep into each condition, researchers found that if cannabis was used an alternative treatment in only a small percentage of cases, it could strip in upwards of $5 billion from pharmaceutical industry’s $425 billion market.

Although that may not sound like much of a dent, John Kagia, executive vice president of industry analytics for New Frontier, said, “The impact of medical cannabis legalization is not going to be enormously disruptive to the pharmaceutical industry.”

The report specifically calls out drug giant Pfizer Inc, suggesting that medical marijuana could suck a half billion dollars from its $53 billion in annual sales revenue.

It is distinctly possible that the latest report paints an accurate portrait of the impact medical marijuana could have on the pharmaceutical trade — that is, unless the drug manufactures decide to get in on the cannabis business.

Read more: http://cannabisnews.com/news/29/thread29108.shtml     

MYTH: If pot is legal, more people will use it.

FACT: As drug policy undergoes big changes, I’ve been watching rates of youth cannabis use with interest. As it is for most fathers, the well-being of my family is the most important thing in my life. Whether you like the plant or not, as with alcohol, only adults should be allowed to partake of intoxicating substances. But youth
cannabis use is near its highest level ever in the United States. When I spoke at a California high school recently and asked, “Who thinks cannabis is easier to obtain than alcohol?,” nearly every hand shot up.

In Portugal, by contrast, youth
rates fell from 2002 to 2006, after all drugs were legalized there in 2001. Similarly, a 2011 Brown University-led study of middle and high school students in Rhode Island found no increases in adolescent use after the state legalized medical marijuana in 2006.

Read more: http://www.academia.edu/1925564/Portugal_and_Sweden_A_Tale_of_Two_Drug_Policies

Doug Fine is the author of “Too High to Fail: Cannabis and the New Green Economic Revolution,” in which he followed one legal medicinal cannabis plant from farm to patient.

Read more:

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MYTH: Smoking pot is much worse for your lungs than smoking cigarettes.

FACT: A 2012
study on marijuana’s effects on the lungs came up with this conclusion: “Occasional and low cumulative marijuana use was not associated with adverse effects on pulmonary function.”

Read more: https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/1104848

MYTH: Marijuana has no medicinal value.

FACT: The reality is that cannabis is something of a wonder drug. The majority of American medical doctors think marijuana should be legal according to
WebMD survey reported in April—and with good reason. It alleviates symptoms related to chemotherapy, AIDS, certain cancers and especially glaucoma. Marijuana’s ability to help people with certain debilitating seizure disorders inspired a number of mostly conservative states to adopt (highly restrictive) medical cannabis laws.

Related: CPS & medical marijuana     

Medical Marijuana's Main Ingredient Isn't Dangerous or Addictive, World Health Organization Report Says

By Melina Delkic, Newsweek

A top global health agency has declared the main ingredient in medical cannabis nonaddictive and nontoxic, according to a new report.

“In humans, CBD exhibits no effects indicative of any abuse or dependence potential,” wrote the World Health Organization, a U.N. agency that focuses on public health. Researchers spent months looking into cannabidiol, or CBD, the non-psychoactive ingredient in marijuana that’s often used for medical purposes. It often comes in the form of oils, drops or capsules.

The organization’s Expert Committee on Drug Dependence (ECDD) found “no evidence of public health related problems associated with the use of pure CBD.” They also found that, according to several clinical trials, CBD could be good for treating epilepsy and “a number of other medical conditions.”

Although the report came out in November, it drew international attention only on Wednesday, after the WHO
published concrete recommendations from the ECDD’s November meeting. In addition to recommending a stricter scheduling for a type of opioid, the committee recommended a new approach to cannabis, responding to increased interest among its member states in researching and legalizing it.

Read more: http://www.newsweek.com/medical-marijuana-cbd-not-addictive-toxic-who-says-748069?utm_source=yahoo&utm_medium=yahoo_news&utm_campaign=rss-related&utm_content=/rss/yahoous/news         

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